By Stevensoon Robert Louis
By Stevensoon Robert Louis
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was published in 1885. The author, Robert Louis Stevenson, was born in 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. His family were typical of the upper middle class of Scotland – his father’s ancestors were engineers and his mother’s were Presbyterian ministers. Stevenson was expected to continue the tradition of studying engineering or science and set out to do so, but soon turned to fiction writing and leading a rather bohemian lifestyle that included world travel, a relationship with a married woman (whom he eventually married), and living on a South Seas island. Stevenson was to die relatively young but left behind a body of work still highly regarded today.
When Stevenson wrote The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (originally published without the “The”) there was little knowledge of how personality developed. Sigmund Freud was then only in his thirties and had not yet reached the pinnacle of his achievements in the field of psychology and psychoanalysis. The rapid development of scientific and engineering advancements was changing the Victorian world on an almost daily basis – it can be safely said that the era saw more changes in a shorter time than any other time before the 19th century. One field that was developing was the study of human personality and its influences. This was coupled with the growing concern of how to treat mental illness and in fact, even defining what mental illness is.
Most Victorians were not exposures to hallucinogenic drugs – alcohol had long been used and abused in the history of humankind but drugs were a recent phenomenon. The extent of the British Empire, particularly in the East and Far East, had brought Britons into contact with substances such as opium. There was some experimentation and if not on a wide scale, it did seem to hold some fascination with people in the world of arts and literature. The combination of the interest in the mind and personality and the use of drugs proved to be fodder for the plots of numerous stories and novels. Only a couple of years after the publication of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Arthur Conan Doyle introduced one of the world’s most famous fictional detectives, Sherlock Holmes, a user of cocaine and morphine. Stevenson was not the only writer fascinated by the part drugs could play in fiction.
The Victorian world presented in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was one that, while improvements had been made over the century, was still one of class distinction and class behavior. Professionals are respectable, competent, and hold a special status – the serving class is depicted as loyal, dedicated, but basically simple and unsophisticated. Carew, the victim of Hyde’s violence, is a Member of Parliament, and is depicted as a knighted man with the title of “Sir”. The outrage over his death would likely have been more muted had he been a less exalted member of the House of Commons. Stevenson’s novella accurately depicts a class society that by the time the novella was published had only three decades left to flourish, being greatly altered by World War I.
The plot of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde revolves around the moral dilemma of a lawyer named Gabriel John Utterson. The moral quandary involves Dr. Henry Jekyll who is both a friend and a client of his, having given him a holographic copy of his will. Utterson is not happy with the will, as it designates that if something should happen to Jekyll, everything should go to a man named Edward Hyde.
One evening Utterson and his cousin, Richard Enfield are walking through a London neighborhood when Enfield tells him about an incident he witnessed – a strangely misshapen, small and evil-looking man assaulted and beat a young girl. To appease the family, the man gave them a check with the signature of the wealthy and respectable Dr. Henry Jekyll. Enfield thinks that the check was a forgery but it turns out to be valid. Utterson goes home and looks at Jekyll’s will again and reviews Jekyll’s instructions that he wants his estate left to Mr. Hyde. Utterson later confronts Jekyll about the will but his client refuses to discuss it. As a lawyer, and as a friend, Utterson is unhappy about this and wishes Jekyll would be less secretive.
Just under a year later a man named Sir Danvers Carew is walking in the SoHo neighborhood on a cool and foggy night – he is an elderly man, a prominent Member of Parliament and generally respected and liked. He stops to speak to Edward Hyde, who is on the street – within a short time he assaults and kills Carew. A servant girl in a house nearby looks out of the window and recognizes Hyde – he has visited her master in the past. The police do not find Hyde in his living quarters. There is public outrage about the death of Carew but Hyde is not apprehended. When Utterson confronts Jekyll again about Hyde, the doctor assures Utterson that nothing is wrong but that he will sever his relationship with the man. Utterson is once again left with personal and professional misgivings, further complicated when the signatures of Jekyll and Hyde are said to be similar by his clerk, Mr. Guest, something of a handwriting expert.
Time passes and Hyde seems to have disappeared. Dr. Jekyll has come out of seclusion and seems to be his old self again. This does not last long though, and Utterson soon goes to see their mutual friend, Dr. Lanyon. He finds Lanyon in poor health and very depressed – he states, much to Utterson’s shock, that he does not want to see Jekyll again. He tells Utterson that he has left a written statement explaining everything. Within a few weeks Lanyon is dead. Utterson feels that Hyde may be behind everything but is somewhat relieved that whenever he goes to Jekyll’s Poole turns him away and says his master is too ill to see him.
Utterson and his cousin Enfield then witness the transformation of Jekyll into Hyde, the horrifying result of the man taking drugs. They soon discover that Jekyll/Hyde has locked himself in his laboratory, where they find him dead. In a letter Jekyll confesses to his fascination with the duality of personality, his drug use and admits to his suicide, fearful of Mr. Hyde taking over his personality completely. Lanyon’s narrative fills in some of the gaps of how the eminent Dr. Jekyll deteriorated through drug use and how his alter ego, Edward Hyde, came to dominate.
The neighborhoods and streets of London are a setting in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde for it is there that Mr. Utterson learns about Hyde and Hyde commits a murder. The author paints an atmospheric picture of the streets creating the perfect place for the elusive Hyde to move about in obscurity.
Hyde lives in a building that stands out in its respectable surroundings due to its dinginess and general neglect. There is evidence of vandalism. Next to the house is a door that leads into a mysterious court. The house has an air of mystery and negativity.
The home of an eminent lawyer, it is respectable and while not luxurious, fit for a man of his profession and stature. Utterson does most of his quiet thinking there and much of his contemplation on the case of Hyde takes place there.
The home of a successful doctor, it is in a good neighborhood and maintained by an extensive staff of servants. Mr. Poole, the butler, is aware of all the comings and goings in the house. It is connected by a back passage to the court next to Mr Hyde’s.
On the same property as Jekyll’s house, the laboratory is dingy and windowless. Inside is an unused operating theater and Dr. Jekyll’s office, known as a “cabinet”. It is where Hyde mixes his drugs and ultimately his corpse is found.
The dominant theme of the story is the duality of personality and character. Dr. Jekyll is presented as an upright, eminent, and successful member of English society. The life he leads, as far as his friends and colleagues know, is one of respectability. He is admired by those who know him. In his own narrative, at the end of the novella, he describes his interest in the duality of human nature – and that his use of drugs allowed his evil side (Hyde) to triumph over his good side (Jekyll) so that in the end, the persona of Hyde destroys them both.
The author uses the motif of darkness in many crucial scenes in the novella, with many of the main incidents taking place at night. Fog was a serious problem in the city of London in the 19th century, due to the use of coal. The use of darkness and fog allow for the hidden evils of humanity to come to the fore – evil things that are done under the cover of darkness, including the killing of Carew and the midnight meeting of the drug-seeking Hyde with Lanyon.
The author uses the motif of hidden places several times in the novella, and includes the court behind the door next to Hyde’s living quarters, Jekyll’s laboratory and office hidden behind his house, Jekyll’s will hidden in Utterson’s safe, and the route from Jekyll’s house to Hyde’s apartments. The death of Jekyll/Hyde takes place in a private office within a windowless laboratory. The very name “Hyde” is an example of this theme.
While not all the “respectable” men in the novella are hiding an aspect of their lives, Jekyll is an example of a theme that is often used in literature: that underneath a respectable exterior lurks something quite different and this is ultimately a threat to a well-ordered society. This is another aspect of the theme of duality, but is less extreme than the case of the “split” personality of Jekyll/Hyde.
Although the field of psychology and psychoanalysis was yet achieve its eminence at the time The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was written, there was certainly a general acceptance the reasons behind people’s actions were not fully understood. Stevenson represents this theme with the use of the motifs of darkness, fog, hidden places, secret routes, and the like.
Tied to the motif of the subconscious is the theme of evil. The death of Danvers Carew is senseless and brutal, as is the earlier stomping assault of the little girl. With no rational explanation, they are attributed to unknown causes – over and over again Hyde is described as being “evil” in one sense or another. With little knowledge of how insanity or substance abuse can affect the personality, evil, or even the devil, is blamed.
The abuse of drugs was a relatively new phenomenon in late 19th century society and affected only a small segment of society. However, it was a fascinating topic to many, especially as the serious affects of drugs were largely unknown. Alcohol abuse was rampant but was familiar to most people. The idea that drug use could induce a complete personality change is a theme that the author uses to illustrate the dangers of giving the dark side of human personality expression.
The author uses documents to create both an atmosphere (Jekyll’s mysterious will), reveal connections (the check given to the assaulted girl’s family that appears to be fraudulent), and to explain actions that cannot easily be described by action alone (Lanyon’s narrative and Hyde’s statement of the case). The documents allow more expression of the theme of hidden elements.
The author, to present his other themes, in particular the hidden places, the subconscious, and evilness also uses scenes of ordinary life in 19th century London. People walk in the city for enjoyment; professionals work diligently in their offices; friends meet for meals, wine, and conversation; servants staff the houses of the prosperous; and time passes by when nothing untoward happens. The author uses this motif to emphasize the negatives that are so important to the plot.
The emotions of fear and anxiety occur often in the novella. Utterson’s response to all the events that surround Jekyll and Hyde cause him much unease and fear. He does not know exactly what he is afraid of until the end, but knows something is very wrong. The neighborhood reacts with fear and anxiety to the assault of the little girl and the city is outraged about the murder of Member of Parliament Sir Danvers Carew. Indirectly, the fear and anxiety is directed at the unknown evil that is eventually manifested in Jekyll/Hyde.
First appears in Chapter 3 – Henry Jekyll is a successful doctor from a privileged background and a highly regarded member of his community. He is “a large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty”. Jekyll reveals in his narrative that he has another side of him that seeks pleasure and activities that are not acceptable in his social circle.
First appears in Chapter 2 – A small man, who many describe as emanating evil; heir to Jekyll’s quarter of a million pound fortune as described in the will Jekyll has given to Utterson. Hyde is revealed as the alter ego of Jekyll – under the influence of drugs his character changes entirely. In the end he destroys both of them by taking his own life.
First appears in Chapter 1 – Although he is not the narrator, the story is told from his point of view. Utterson is a lawyer, reserved, undemonstrative, but relaxes when in the company of friends and colleagues. He follows the letter of the law and stands by his principles.
First appears in Chapter 2 – Lanyon is a very successful doctor and friend of Utterson’s and Jekyll’s – they have all known each other for decades. He has offices and lives in Cavendish Square. He does not agree with Jekyll’s scientific experimentation and reveals important details about his colleague in a narrative “document” at the end of the novella.
First appears in Chapter 2, Servant (butler) to Dr. Jekyll. Poole serves as an intermediary between Dr. Jekyll and his friends and both helps procure drugs for his master and actively tries to stop the destruction of Jekyll. He goes to Utterson for help and is with him when they find Hyde in the doctor’s office.
First appears in Chapter 1 – Richard Enfield, a youngish professional man, a distant relative of Mr. Utterson. It is Enfield who first sees Edward Hyde commit violence on a young girl and reports the incident to Utterson. This ultimately leads to the truth of Jekyll and Hyde being revealed.
First appears in Chapter 5 – Guest is Utterson’s head clerk. Utterson is close to his head clerk and does not keep secrets from him – they sometimes share a drink or two. Guest is considered good at interpreting handwriting and Utterson has him compare Jekyll’s signature with Hyde’s.
First appears in Chapter 4 – Carew is a Member of Parliament (M.P.) a genial white-haired elderly gentleman, known to Utterson, who identifies him after Carew, who was walking in SoHo night, was assaulted and killed by Hyde.
Mr. Utterson is a lawyer with a reserved personality and austere tastes. He might relax after a glass of wine but never entirely lets down his guard. Utterson has more tolerance for the misdeeds of others than for any weakness in himself. It was often his role to be the last influence on men who had committed misdeeds and he keeps his judgements to himself. He enjoys the close friendships of mostly old friends and relatives. He maintains a close relationship with a distant relative, Richard Enfield. Those who know them are surprised at their friendship, for they seem to have little to say to each other on their frequent Sunday walks together.
The men live in London and enjoy exploring its many neighborhoods. One street in particular is a favourite and for the most part is attractive and clean. There is one building that stands out – it is dingy and somewhat neglected. Homeless people linger in its doorway and signs of vandalism, old and new, are evident. There is an entry-door to an inner courtyard next to this building. Mr. Enfield begins to tell Utterson a story about the court.
One day, at about three in the morning, Enfield was walking home from a distant point in the city. Suddenly he saw a young running girl collide with a small man on the corner – and the man kept walking, trampling the child underfoot. Enfield chased and caught the man – by then a small group of family members had gathered around the screaming child. A doctor arrived and said the child was not badly hurt, just frightened. The people there, including Enfield himself, were full of disgust for the man, and he sensed the doctor wanted to kill him. The girl’s female relatives were ready to assault the assailant and Enfield and the doctor threatened the man with damaging his reputation. He agreed to pay the family a hundred pounds in damages. He led them to the house next to the door and went in, soon returning with ten pounds and a check for the balance. Enfield commented that the man’s name was a well-known one but would not reveal it to Utterson. He said that he thought the man was not actually the same individual as appeared on the check. The man agreed to spend the night in Enfield’s chambers and cash the check in person when the banks opened. It turned out that the man was the prominent individual whose name was on the check, although he lived somewhere else.
The men discuss the house and Enfield states that he has found no other entrance but the front door. Very occasionally he has seen the “man of my adventure” come out of the house. He has seen smoke coming from the chimney so knows someone lives there.
Utterson asks Enfield to tell him the name of the man – he says it is Hyde. Enfield admits to having a strong aversion to his appearance although he cannot say for sure what is wrong with him. Utterson asks Enfield if Hyde had a key to the house and Enfield says yes, and he still possesses one. He saw the man use it just a week before.
The two men decide never to discuss the incident, or Mr. Hyde, again.
Mr. Utterson returns home alone to a quiet dinner. On a Sunday evening he would usually read until bedtime. This evening he goes into his office and opens his safe. He removes a will that had been written by the testator, Dr. Henry Jekyll, M.D., without Utterson’s involvement while it was being made. Jekyll has left all his possessions to one Edward Hyde, described as a friend and benefactor. Jekyll instructed that Hyde should inherit everything if he had disappeared for three months or more. Utterson does not approve of this will – from both a legal viewpoint and because of the mysterious reference to Edward Hyde. It bothers him that he does not know who Hyde is. Utterson even wonders if the will does not reflect a touch of insanity in Jekyll. He decides to consult with Dr. Lanyon, his friend, who is a highly successful doctor. He sets out for Cavendish Square.
Dr. Lanyon is very happy to see Utterson. He is dining alone when the lawyer arrives. Lanyon is an exuberant man, showing much emotion, but his friendly welcome is sincere. He and Utterson had gone through school together and have known each other for years.
Utterson tells him about his unease concerning Dr. Jekyll. Both men have known Jekyll a long time. Utterson explains that he began to worry about Jekyll about ten years before and thought the man might be losing his grip on reality. Lanyon admits he has not seen as much of him as he previously did. He suggests a difference of opinion on a scientific point may be at the heart of it.
Utterson asks Lanyon if he has ever heard of a protégé of Jekyll’s, a man by the name of Hyde. The doctor says that he has not. Utterson soon makes his way home, where he tosses and turns in bed, worrying about Dr. Jekyll. He sleeps little, if at all; the story Enfield told him runs through his mind again and again. He is determined to find this Edward Hyde and see him with his own eyes.
Utterson begins to haunt the place where Enfield said Hyde lived. Late one cold night he hears the footsteps approaching and hides himself in the entry to the court. He sees a small man walking toward the house on the corner and when he comes near enough Utterson moves out of the shadows and greets him by name – Edward Hyde. The man is momentarily afraid but soon recovers and admitted he is Hyde. Utterson tells him he is an old friend of Dr. Jekyll’s and asks if Hyde would let him in to see Jekyll but Hyde tells him that the doctor is away. He demands to know how Utterson knows him. The lawyer asks if he could see his face and Hyde complies. He then gives Utterson his address in Soho and asks again how the lawyer knows him. Utterson says “by description” and states that they have common friends, such as Jekyll. Hyde angrily says that Jekyll would not have told Utterson about him and slips inside the house.
Utterson leaves the neighborhood, all the while thinking about Hyde and his own feelings of revulsion for the man, almost as though his soul were tainted and possessed by Satan.
Around the corner Utterson comes upon a row of houses mostly turned over to professional offices. One building, though, has remained as a private home. It is the home of Dr. Jekyll. The elderly butler, Poole, opens the door and admits Utterson. He waits for Jekyll in the hall. The servant returns and tells him Jekyll is out.
Utterson asks about Hyde and the servant tells him the man has a key to the old dissecting room in the outside laboratory. The servant admits he has not seen much of Hyde. Utterson leaves and heads home, brooding on Jekyll, fearing he has lost his mind and that Hyde is taking advantage of him.
A couple of weeks later Utterson was invited to a dinner at his old friend’s, Dr. Henry Jekyll. He deliberately stays after the other guests have gone and Jekyll is quite happy to talk to his old friend.
Dr. Jekyll is a middle-aged man with an open face and an easy manner. Utterson immediately asks him about his will and Jekyll lightly teases the lawyer about how the will seems to be upsetting him. Jekyll mentions that Dr. Lanyon also seems to be bothered by it, and that Lanyon has been too judgemental and nit-picking about some of Jekyll’s scientific ideas. Utterson bluntly says he has never approved of Jekyll’s will and the doctor accedes that is true.
Utterson mentions Edward Hyde and Jekyll turns pale while his eyes darken. Utterson hints that he has heard something abhorrent about Hyde. Jekyll tries to dismiss the subject by saying he is in a bad position and cannot change anything. Utterson urges him to tell him the truth, that he can be trusted. Jekyll agrees that he has faith in the lawyer but assures him that the situation will eventually be resolved but that it is a private matter.
Utterson agrees to let it go and gets up to leaves and as he does, Jekyll tells him that Hyde has spoken to him about seeing Utterson. He apologizes for Hyde’s rudeness and begs Utterson to give the young man the benefit of the doubt. The lawyer says that he can never like Hyde. Jekyll says he is not asking for that, but for Utterson to help Hyde when he is no longer around. Utterson reluctantly promises to do so.
Nearly a year later, in October, London is shaken by a heinous crime. A young maid, gazing out of her window in a house near the river sees a young man approach an elderly gentleman with white hair. The elderly man spoke politely to him and seemed to be asking directions. The maid realized she knew the younger man as Mr. Hyde – he had previously called on her employer.
Suddenly Hyde became angry and began screaming and waving his cane about. The elderly man stepped back and Hyde began assaulting him with the cane and then stomping on the man as he lay on the ground. The maid fainted.
The maid was unconscious for about three hours and when she came to, she called for the police. The injured man still lay in the lane outside the house. Half of the broken cane lay in the gutter. The victim, now dead, had money and a gold watch but they had not been taken. A letter addressed to Mr. Utterson was found on him.
The letter is taken to Mr. Utterson the next morning. He decides to head immediately for the police station, where the body has been taken. Utterson identifies the body as Sir Danvers Carew. When the policeman tells him that the maid has identified the assailant as Hyde, Utterson is dismayed. The policeman shows him the half of the cane found at the scene and Utterson is shocked to realize it is the remains of a walking stick he himself gave to Dr. Jekyll.
The maid’s description of Hyde matches Utterson’s memory of the man and he takes the policeman to Soho to the house next to the court. The neighborhood has such a gloomy atmosphere that Utterson feels uncomfortable and even a little afraid.
An elderly woman answers the door and says Hyde is not at home. She tells him that he keeps irregular hours. Utterson tells her they want to see Hyde’s rooms – and that the man with him is an Inspector from Scotland Yard.
Hyde is only using two rooms in the house; well furnished and luxurious, they have a stock of good wine. The rooms look as though they have just been ransacked. There is a pile of fresh ash in the fireplace, as though papers have recently been burned. The policeman finds the butt end of a check book which did not burn. The men proceed to the bank where they discover Hyde had several thousand pounds on deposit.
The officer indicates that they could just wait at the bank for Hyde to eventually show up. Few people seem to know much about him, his origins, his family, and no photo of him can be found. They all agree that there is something strange about Hyde.
In the afternoon Utterson goes to Dr Jekyll’s where his servant Poole leads him through the lower level of the house, outside and across a yard to the building that houses a laboratory. It is dingy and windowless. Utterson has not been in the laboratory before and notes with interest an unused operating theater – on the other side is Jekyll’s office. The office is large with many instruments and a fire is burning in the grate. Utterson notices that Jekyll looks very ill. He raises his hand weakly to the lawyer.
Utterson mentions Carew’s death and asks Jekyll if he is giving Hyde a place to hide. Jekyll assures him that he has set eyes on Hyde for the last time but that he is not helping him, although the man is safe. He also says that Hyde is not guilty of the murder but he is unsure of what to do about a letter he has received from Hyde and wants to give it to Utterson. Jekyll is concerned about his own part in what has happened and Utterson is surprised at his friend’s self-interest.
The letter tells Jekyll not to worry about his (Hyde’s) safety and that he had a plan for escape. Utterson asks his friend if he has the envelope the letter came in and is told that it has been burned. Jekyll says it had no postmark as it was hand delivered. Utterson tells him he will take the letter and think things over. He asks him if Hyde dictated the terms of Jekyll’s will. The doctor nods and appears to be upset. Utterson says he is lucky to have escaped being murdered by Hyde.
As Utterson leaves he asks Poole about the hand-delivered note. Poole says he knows nothing about it – that everything came by post that day and there were no letters at all. Utterson is convinced the note was either delivered or written in the laboratory office.
Walking through the neighborhood, Utterson hears the newsboys crying out the headlines of Carew’s murder. He feels uneasy about the murder of one client and the behavior of Jekyll, who is also his client. He worries about the doctor being at the center of a scandal.
Later at home he meets with his head clerk, Mr. Guest. They share a bottle of wine. Utterson does not keep secrets from Mr. Guest, who knows both Jekyll and his servant, Poole. Utterson mentions that the murder of Sir Danvers is a “sad business” to which Guest readily agrees. The clerk believes the killer was insane.
Guest is considered to be something of an expert on handwriting and Utterson shows him Hyde’s signature – Guest compares it to a sample of Jekyll’s says the writing is similar.
Later Utterson locks Hyde’s note in his safe, worried that Jekyll has forged the note for the murderer.
Although a reward of thousands of pounds has been offered, no one has seen Hyde and no trace of him has been found. Investigation into his past life has revealed cruelty and hatred of others as well as his questionable associates. Time moves on and Mr. Utterson’s feelings about Hyde begin to cool. In one way he is glad the man has disappeared for his friend Jekyll can now go on with his life.
Jekyll has come out of his seclusion, seeing his friends again and attending church and spending time outside. A couple of months after Hyde’s disappearance, in early January, Utterson and Lanyon dine at Jekyll’s. All seems well. A few days later and then again a couple of days after that, Utterson tries to visit Jekyll but his servant Poole says that the doctor would see no-one. This worries the lawyer. The next night he goes to dine at Lanyon’s and is shocked at the doctor’s appearance; he looks like he is at death’s door and also appears to be mentally unhinged, as though in terror. Utterson comments on his friend’s appearance and Lanyon says that he is “a doomed man”.
Lanyon explains that he has had a terrible shock that he will not recover from. He is resigned to death. Utterson mentions that Jekyll is sick as well and asks if Lanyon has seen him. Lanyon declares that he has no desire to see Jekyll ever again and that he regards him as dead. Utterson asks what he can do and Lanyon brushes him off and Utterson should speak to Jekyll himself. Lanyon is not surprised that Jekyll refuses to see Utterson.
Lanyon tells Utterson that after his death the lawyer may learn all the details of what is going on. He refuses to speak anymore about it. Utterson goes home and writes a letter to Jekyll asking him why he is estranged from Lanyon. Jekyll replies that he has chosen a life of seclusion. Utterson is tempted to think Jekyll is insane but feels there is something else at play.
In three weeks Lanyon is dead. In sadness, after the funeral, Utterson opens a sealed letter for him from Lanyon, meant to be read after his death. But inside there is another sealed letter, only to be read if Jekyll dies before Utterson. For some reason Utterson thinks Hyde is behind all this – and is tempted to read the second sealed letter. He does not though, and puts the letter in his safe.
Utterson continues to call on Henry Jekyll, but is always refused admittance. He chats with Poole on Jekyll’s doorstep and in some way this is satisfactory – he does not have to face his friend, who he fears, has changed beyond recognition. As time goes by, he visits the house less and less.
On another Sunday, Utterson and Richard Enfield are taking their usual walk. They come upon the house with the door next to the courtyard where Hyde used to live. Enfield states that they will not see Hyde again. Enfield admits he knows that the courtyard serves as a back way to reach Jekyll’s and Utterson suggests they go into the court and look through Jekyll’s windows.
The court is cool in the twilight as the sun is setting. Three windows are half open and sitting by one of them is Dr. Jekyll. The men greet each other and Jekyll says he is feeling very low. He says he will not invite them in as the house is not in a state for guests and Utterson suggests they just speak through the window. Jekyll attempts to smile but almost at once his face takes on an expression of terror – he suddenly slams the window shut.
Utterson and Enfield leave the court without speaking. They do not speak for a while as both are horrified. Utterson begs God’s forgiveness, Enfield nods, and they keep walking in silence.
Utterson is sitting by his fireside one evening after dinner when Jekyll’s butler, Poole, stops for a visit. Poole tells him something is wrong. The butler is very upset and says he “can bear it no more.” He states that he believes there has been foul play and asks Utterson to come with him.
The two men head out into a cold and wet March evening. There are few people around and the wind batters Utterson’s face as they walk. It all feels eerie to Utterson and he wishes more people were out and about.
Jekyll’s servants are waiting at the house and let the men in. Utterson scolds them for being crowded into the hall but Poole explains that they are afraid. A maid begins to cry and Poole shouts at her to be quiet, revealing his own frayed nerves.
Poole leads Utterson to the laboratory building, through its surgical theater, and to Dr. Jekyll’s office. Poole calls out that Utterson is here to see Jekyll who replies that he cannot see any one. Poole leads Utterson back outside and asks the lawyer if he thinks that was Jekyll’s voice. Utterson admits it does seem different. Poole excitedly says that Jekyll has been done away with and something else has replaced him. Utterson questions this logic, asking why the murderer would remain in Jekyll’s office.
Poole explains that for the past week that whoever is in the office has been crying day and night for some sort of medicine. No one has been allowed in, and meals have been smuggled in after servants leave them outside the office. Poole has been sent to the druggists with orders for all sorts of medicines and drugs. He has one of the notes which he shows Utterson. The request is for a drug of purity that had been ordered some years before. Utterson states that Jekyll must be suffering from some form of degenerative disease but Poole maintains that the man he saw was not his master, was “more of a dwarf” and completely unlike Jekyll.
The two men decide the inner office door must be broken down, whatever the consequences. They agree that it might be Mr. Hyde hiding in the office; Poole is certainly convinced of this and that Hyde has killed Jekyll. They send for a couple more servants to stand guard.
By the time they approach the office, it is dark and they must use candles to see their way. They can hear footsteps in the office and they agree it is not the sound of Jekyll’s footfalls. Poole tells Utterson he has heard the man weeping.
Utterson calls out to Jekyll to let him in – the voice in the office begs him to have mercy. Using an axe, Poole breaks the door in. In the middle of the office floor lays Edward Hyde. There is a phial in his hand and Utterson is convinced he has overdosed on a self-inflicted drug. He tells Poole Hyde is dead and they must find Jekyll.
They search the laboratory building but do not find Hyde. The key to the court appears to be broken. They more thoroughly search the office. A kettle is boiling and Poole mentions that the drug on the table is the same as the one he has been bringing to Jekyll. Their search turns up some strange items, including a will made out by Edward Hyde leaving everything to Utterson himself. The lawyer is puzzled as to why he would be the beneficiary. There is also a note to him from Dr. Jekyll telling him to read Lanyon’s narrative. Poole gives Utterson another item from Jekyll which he places in his pocket.
Utterson goes home to read the two documents and tells Poole to say nothing and that he will return before midnight.
Dr. Lanyon’s narrative begins with a note explaining that he received an envelope four days before, on January ninth, from his old friend Henry Jekyll. He was surprised as he had seen Jekyll only the night before and they were not in the habit of corresponding.
Jekyll began the letter by telling Lanyon that if he fails him he will be lost. He wanted him to clear his evening that night and to come to his house. His butler Poole would be waiting with a locksmith. They are then to force the door of his laboratory office and Lanyon was to go in alone and to take all the contents of a certain drawer back with him to Cavendish Square. Later, around midnight, when all his servants are asleep, he would let a man into his house who will identify himself as Henry Jekyll. He is to give the contents of the drawer to this man. Jekyll concluded the letter by saying he is confident Lanyon will do as he wishes.
Lanyon states that he decided Jekyll is insane but that he felt he should do as his friend requested. He drove straight to Jekyll’s house where Poole was waiting and soon a locksmith and a carpenter arrived. The locksmith needed two hours to open the doctor’s office door. Lanyon removed the drawer as he had been instructed and returned home.
Lanyon examined the powders at home and concluded that Jekyll had made them himself. The phial contained perhaps phosphorous and ether. A little book was full of dates covering many years, and the last date was from a year before. Generally only one word, and sometimes two, was written against the dates.
Lanyon could not make sense of it and concluded Jekyll might be suffering from a mental illness. He sent his servants to bed and loaded an old revolver, for self-defense. At midnight a small man, not known to him, appeared at his door saying he had been sent by Jekyll. Lanyon told him to come in, keeping his hand on his gun.
Lanyon’s impression was that the man was physically ill – he had a lot of nervous energy and was behaving strangely. He was wearing good clothing that was too large for him.
The man immediately demanded to see the drawer. Lanyon was shocked by his facial expression and told him to compose himself. The man mixed the red tincture with one of the powders – as it changed colors the man asked Lanyon if he dared try it himself. Lanyon refused and the man drank the liquid. His face went black and his facial features underwent a change.
Lanyon then reported that he screamed for God – for the man in front of him changed into Henry Jekyll. Horrified, Lanyon listened to Jekyll’s story that he was really Hyde, and wanted for the murder of Sir Danvers Carew.
Henry’s Jekyll’s statement, left for Utterson, begins with an assessment of his life; that he was born into wealth, was healthy, respected by his colleagues and friends, and was looking toward the future with confidence. His only regret was a character that enjoyed pleasure and fun – he wished he was a more serious man. He felt there was a divide in his personality and he partly hid his pursuit of pleasure. He directed his scientific studies toward “the mystic and the transcendental” which was not always well regarded by his fellow men of science. Jekyll felt a constant tug between the moral and the intellectual. He was convinced that man is naturally of a dual character and he wished he could live both of his dualities openly. Jekyll also felt that the truth of humanity can be stymied by nature – by our animal bodies.
Jekyll was thus tempted with experimenting with drugs despite the possibilities of injury or death. The sensations he experienced excited him and made him want more of the same. He also knew he was going through some physical changes. One day when he looked in a mirror he saw a man who he gave a new identity to – Edward Hyde. He regarded Hyde as the evil side of his character, and a smaller, younger version of Dr. Jekyll. He regarded Hyde with affection and welcomed him, despite realizing he was pure evil.
He was able to return to being Jekyll by drinking more of the drug which returned him to his usual self. As time went by, he was more attracted to the character of Hyde. He rented the house in SoHo where the police traced Hyde. He drew up the will so that Hyde would “inherit” Jekyll’s fortune.
Jekyll was soon almost shocked at the depravities his alter-ego could sink to but in his mind it he was not responsible for it. His injury to the child he saw as merely an inconvenience that had been rectified by opening a checking account in Hyde’s name and paying off the family.
In time he realized that Jekyll was indeed being absorbed into the persona of Edward Hyde. One morning he awoke as Hyde, although he had gone to bed as Jekyll although he had not taken the drug. When he went downstairs his servants were shocked – they had not seen Hyde in the house before so early in the morning. Ten minutes later Jekyll was back in his old guise.
Jekyll by then was concerned that Hyde was going to take him over completely and that he would have to choose which would predominate, the man of self-indulgence or the man of respectable character? For two months he chose his old self – Jekyll. Then “Hyde” began the pressure to express himself. He went back to the drug and Hyde reappeared, with a vengeance, leading a life of self-indulgence and crime, which included the murder of Carew.
When Jekyll realized the murder of Carew had been witnessed he again battled with his two personalities to keep Hyde under control. Again, for a few months Jekyll prevailed, and again, Hyde clamoured for the upper hand. By January, Hyde was on control but as Jekyll had destroyed the keys to the office, his drugs were unavailable and if he showed his face as Hyde, he would be arrested. He devised the plan to have Lanyon retrieve the drugs, all the while referring to Hyde as “he” rather than “I”.
In possession of the drugs, and back in his office, Hyde now fed his addiction. In the end, to stop Hyde from taking over Jekyll entirely, he committed suicide, with the full intent of his friends finding his body and knowing what his experimentation with drugs had done.
When Gene gets back to campus he wants to see Finny because Finny’s mind is always on sports, rather than war. Ironically, Finny is involved in a snowball fight with some other boys when Gene returns. Gene is distracted by the way Finny walks; he used to almost float and now he seems so crippled, aside from the fact that his leg is in a cast.
Finny asks about Leper and Gene keeps the gory details to himself. Gene tells Finny that he should be more careful and perhaps not do things like get into snowball fights because he may break his leg again, but Finny tells him that he thinks that once a bone grows back together it is stronger than it was to begin with. Later Brinker comes into Finny and Gene’s room and asks about Leper. Gene tells the other two boys that Leper went AWOL, and Brinker assumes correctly that Leper went crazy. Finny finally begins to admit that the war must be real because fake wars do not make people crazy.
Devon becomes immersed in the war and everything to do with it while Brinker, one of the boys who most wanted to enlist, finds himself interested in anything that has nothing to do with the war. Brinker tells Gene that the reason he did not enlist is because of Finny and Gene does not confirm or deny this accusation. Brinker brings up the old “joke” that Gene pushed Funny off the tree, and Gene gets a little uneasy over the whole situation.
One night while the boys are studying Finny says that he saw Leper on campus, and Gene remembers that Leper thinks he pushed Finny out of the tree, so Gene gets very uncomfortable at the thought of him being back at Devon. Later that night Brinker invites Finny and Gene to come out with him and his friends as he has a set of keys to the whole campus from being involved in so many clubs. The boys sneak out and end up in the Assembly Room where Brinker immediately begins making fun of Finny’s limp.
Brinker begins asking Finny what happened on the day Finny fell, determined to get to the bottom of the whole situation, much to Gene’s horror. Finny’s story changes numerous times as it becomes clear that he does not entirely remember what happened that day, he even thinks the tree may have shaken itself on purpose. Brinker and his friends decide they need to bring in a witness and get Leper. Leper refuses to answer any questions about the incident as he does not want to implicate himself and says a few other crazy things.
Finny gets angry at the spectacle, tells all the boys he does not care what happened that day and storms from the room. After Finny leaves the room the boys hear him fall the very large, very hard, marble staircase.
Gene remembers every acting very responsible and exactly as they should in the wake of Finny’s accident. They held him still while someone went to fetch Dr. Stanpole and the wrestling coach, Phil Latham. Gene finds it strange to watch Finny being carried out because the only person Finny has ever needed help from was Gene, in any other case Finny was the one doing the helping. Dr. Stanpole says that Finny’s leg is, in fact, broken again, but this time it is not shattered it is a clean break and should heal just fine after surgery.
All of the boys are told to go back to their rooms, but Gene finds himself crouching in the bushes in the dark outside of the infirmary rather than going to his room. He hears the conversation between Finny and the doctors and begins making jokes with himself while he waits. Eventually once Finny is alone Gene calls out his name and crawls through the window.
Finny begins yelling at Gene, asking him if there is another bone in his body he would like to break while Gene apologizes fruitlessly. Gene leaves the infirmary but rather than go back to his dorm he wanders around campus, finding himself outside of the gym which looks strange to him. Gene feels as though he no longer exists, or maybe he never did; perhaps he was nothing more than a ghost all his years at Devon. Gene falls asleep leaning against the wall of the stadium.
The next morning Gene returns to the dorm and finds a note for him from Dr. Stanpole asking him to bring some of Finny’s clothes down to the infirmary. Gene grabs some of Finny’s clothes and sets out for the infirmary, feeling as though he is experiencing déjà vu, which, in a way, he is as this happened just last summer. He gets to the room and finds Finny alone and tries to explain himself. Gene apologizes, just as he did in Boston, and Finny tells him that the whole situation would be different if there were no war because Finny feels helpless having a broken leg and not being able to fight.
Gene tells Finny that he would be no good in a war anyway because he is too friendly and would probably try to make friends with the enemy. Gene and Finny agree that the tree situation was an accident, and not intentional at all and Finny goes in for surgery. When Gene returns to see Finny after his surgery he is greeted by Dr. Stanpole who tells him that Finny died during his surgery. It seems that a piece of marrow broke off and floated up to his heart, killing him. Gene tells the reader that he never once cried about Finny, not even at his funeral, because it would be like crying at his own funeral as Finny was a part of him.
As school was coming to a close that spring, some jeeps filled with troops rolled into the far common. Brinker and Gene went out to the common to see the greeting ceremony that is happening, and Brinker brings up Leper, but Gene does not want to talk about him, or about Finny. Gene feels as though peace no longer exists for anyone, even at Devon, except maybe for the boys who were there during the summer session.
Brinker introduces Gene to his father who reminds Gene of one of the fat old men who made up the story of the war happening that Finny always used to talk about. Mr. Hadley likes to talk about war and the boys’ responsibility to fight, which Brinker apologizes to Gene for but Gene thinks he knows where Mr. Hadley is coming from. He thinks that Brinker and Finny were similar in the way that they tried to rebel to forget that the war was happening at all.
Gene does not believe that war is the fault of the fat old men, but of ignorance in the hearts of many men. While Gene is clearing out his gym locker he thinks about Finny as he often does though he refuses to talk about him with anyone because Finny is not dead to him. Finny’s way of living still resides in Gene, even as he is telling the story. Finny never had any hatred for anyone or any enemies as most people did.
Gene says that most people find something to hate and spend their whole life making that one thing their eternal enemy, though Finny never did that. Gene says that he went to war though he killed no one and never hated any of his opponents because he knew Finny would not have. Gene says that the only enemy he ever had he killed while he was at Devon.
The following morning, the boys find that the raft has drifted away, but aren’t bothered much by it as they don’t have a desire to return home. After having a bacon and fresh fish breakfast, they start to explore the island. After a morning of swimming and walking, they return to their base on the island. They all begin to feel homesick, but none will admit it. At this point, they hear loud noises and go to shore to see that a steam ferry and multiple skiffs are upon the river.
They figure out that they’re being searched for, and feel validated in their choices. They revel in the thought that everyone misses them, and eventually have dinner and lay down. The mood darkens again though as they begin to realize how everyone back home is feeling sad. Joe attempts to bring up the idea of going back, but is shot down. Tom stays up as the others go to sleep, then writes two notes. He places one in Joe’s hat, along with various other trinkets of his, and then keeps the other note for himself. He then sneaks off and runs to the shore.
Tom swims over to the Illinois side of the Mississippi as it’s much closer than the Missouri one, and sneaks aboard a skiff. The skiff travels over the river, and Tom sneaks out again. He creeps on over to his house, where his aunt, Joe Harper’s mom, Mary and Sid are all sitting in a room.
He manages to sneak into the house and under a bed near them, where he catches their conversation. He hears them speak about how much they miss them and hears them crying, and it takes much of his will to refrain from jumping out and announcing himself. He learns that people think they drowned because the missing raft they had taken was found underwater. If the bodies of the boys aren’t found by Sunday, the church will hold a service for them that day.
As everyone begins to go to sleep, Tom is about to leave the note he wrote earlier on Aunt Polly’s bed stand. He decides against it though, and returns to the island by taking a skiff to the other side, away from the island. He gets back to base in the morning just in time to hear Joe and Huck discussing whether Tom has abandoned them or not. Tom bursts in and then tells them of what he did on the shore.
The boys spend the day running around naked and playing games, swimming. Once evening arrives though, Joe finally decides he wants to head back home. Tom tries to convince them to get excited about the island by suggesting treasure is buried there, but can’t get them into it. After much quarreling, Huck decides he wants to leave as well and gets ready along with Joe. Tom is left with no choice but to reveal a plan he has been hatching. The boys get excited about the idea and decide to stay on the island.
Tom and Joe attempt to learn how to smoke from Huck, and though they enjoy the activity at first, they soon grow sick. Joe makes up an excuse about losing his knife, giving the boys a chance to split up. When Huck goes to look for them a while later, he finds them asleep. When Huck starts preparing their after dinner smokes, Tom and Joe make excuses about eating bad food.
A storm hits the area during the night, and the boys- unprepared for rain- have to find shelter under a tarp they had brought. After it passes, they start up another fire and discuss the storm, unable to sleep on any of the wet ground. Once morning hits, they sleep on the drier sand. After a late lunch, the boys start to get homesick again, so Tom distracts them with the idea of playing as Indians. After running around and returning for dinner, they hesitantly share a peace pipe, as the rules of living as an Indian demand them to.
While the boys are off playing on Jackson Island, the town is mourning their absence. Becky cries over missing Tom. The other schoolmates reminisce on what was the last thing they saw of Tom and Joe.
The next day, the church holds its service for the boys. The minister ascribes only positive traits to their memories and everyone is in tears over the eulogy, including the minister himself. In the midst of the service, the three boys come walking down the aisle. They had been watching the entire thing from an unused gallery. Everybody begins to celebrate their appearance, with Tom and Joe receiving affection from their respective guardians. Tom insists that Huck receive affection as well, though Huck prefers no one to pay attention to him.
The next morning, Tom is at the breakfast table with his family as Aunt Polly starts to make him feel guilty about not having left them a message that they were okay, noting that Sid would have done so. Tom then begins to describe how he had a dream and recounts what he saw the night he came to leave a note. Aunt Polly doesn’t see through the fraud, thinking that Tom was having a prophetic dream and admiring him for it.
At school, Tom is the center of attention along with Joe, and they both celebrate it. Becky attempts to get Tom’s attention, but he pretends to be as indifferent to her as she was to him the last time they met. Becky eventually changes tactics and begins to spend time with another boy in the class- Alfred Temple. Alfred is the same boy that Tom got into a fight with earlier in the book. Tom is sufficiently jealous of her actions and goes off during lunchtime in a fit of rage. Becky realizes her actions went too far, and leaves Alfred by himself in confusion. After some time, Alfred realizes that Becky had used him to make Tom jealous, and his hate for Tom grows. He wonders about an opportunity to get Tom in trouble, and notices Tom’s spelling book as he is walking in. He spills ink on the day’s homework. Becky sees him do it and decides to tell Tom as a way to reconcile their relationship. She changes her mind though and decides to let him get in trouble as revenge for making her feel terrible earlier.
Returning home for lunch, Aunt Polly begins scolding him as she finds out through Joe Harper’s mother that Tom’s “dream” was actually just him recounting what had happened the night he snuck over. Tom attempts to explain that he still came to comfort her, though she doesn’t initially believe it. After some coercing, she accepts it and tells him to run off to school. She finds the jacket that Tom took to the island and is torn between whether to confirm his story about the note on the piece of bark. After much debate, she checks and finds that his story was true as the piece of bark that said they were okay was still in one of the pockets.
The encounter with Aunt Polly lifts Tom’s spirits, and he even apologizes to Becky on his way back to class. Becky doesn’t take it though, making Tom angry again. Walking into class, Becky sees the opportunity to sneak a peek at a secret book that their teacher has kept locked up but often reads to himself. Becky takes the chance and finds that the book is one on human anatomy. Tom sneaks up behind her, surprising her and causing her to rip half of a page. Becky runs away, convinced that Tom will tattle on her, though Tom doesn’t have any inclination not to.
Once the class was seated, Tom’s ruined notebook comes out, and he is punished for it. Tom doesn’t think much of it though. When the teacher soon discovers his book has been ripped, he goes through asking each child. As he is asking Becky, her nervousness is easily evident. Tom steps and takes the blame before she cracks, causing him to be held after school for two hours. Becky waits for him, and they reconcile as she tells him that it was Alfred that spilled the ink on his work. Tom vows revenge.
As summer vacation comes near, the schoolmaster becomes stricter as he wants them all to perform well during the ‘Examination.’ The Examination is a sort of performance for the entire town where the schoolchildren show off their knowledge through recitations and competitions. The youngest children of the school are getting the worst of it, so they group together and try to figure out some way to get back at the teacher.
On the day of the Examination, the students begin go on about the business of displaying what they’ve learned. Tom attempts to recite the ‘Give Me Liberty, Or Give Me Death’ speech, but falls halfway through to stage fright. The awful poetry goes on until the teacher decides to draw a map of America on the chalkboard for the geography challenge. It’s at this point that the boys unleash their plan: a cat tied up and gagged is lowered from above the teacher and steals his wig. The entire crowd erupts in laughter, ending the Examination and starting off summer vacation.
Tom joins the Cadets of Temperance as he enjoys their outfits, but is finding it hard to abide by the group’s laws. As the Fourth of July parade is too far away for him to stick to the rules, he pins his hopes on the dying Judge Frazer. After wavering health, it seems the judge is going to recover, forcing Tom to resign from the group. Right after, Judge Frazer then dies, letting the Cadets take part in the procession and annoying Tom in that he wasn’t able to participate.
The dullness of summer vacation starts to hit Tom, though it’s broken up every now and then by travelling shows and performers. All the while, Tom continues to think of the murder.
The measles take Tom to bed for two weeks, during which a religious revival hits town. When Tom gets better, he finds that all his friends- including Huckleberry- are up to charity and scripture quoting, leaving him with no one to play with. He relapses and is in bed for three more weeks. Once he is well again, he finds that Joe and Huck have returned to their old ways, eating a stolen watermelon.
The trial over the murder begins in earnest, and Tom feels as if every remark about it made in his presence is made to get him to confess what he knows. He confers with Huck on the matter, making sure again that they’ll never tell. Both boys discuss how bad they feel about Muff Potter being wrongly treated as the man has been kind in the past to the boys. As they continue their habit of sneaking him things through his cell, one particular moment hits their guilt hard. He thanks them sincerely for their little gifts and warns them of the dangers of drinking. He seems ready to take punishment for a crime he didn’t commit.
On the last day of the trial, witnesses were called to confirm the circumstantial evidence that made Potter look guilty. Potter’s lawyer did no cross questioning, giving the impression that he wasn’t interested in defending the man. The lawyer then calls Tom Sawyer to the stand, to everyone’s surprise. After nervously eyeing Injun Joe, Tom begins to tell the tale of what actually happened during the night of the murder. At the climax of his telling, Injun Joe manages to rush out and escape.
Muff Potter is let go and embraced by the community. Though Tom is joyed at the recognition people give him, he is also scared as Injun Joe remains loose. Tom had told Muff’s lawyer his tale the night before he testified, and though Huck’s involvement was known, Injun Joe’s quick escape had kept his involvement secret. Though rewards are offered and a detective is brought, no sign of Injun Joe is found, leaving Tom anxious.
Tom gets the inclination to dig up some treasure and enlists Huck to join him. After a misinformed discussion about treasure burying tactics, the value of jewelry, and the Kings of Europe, they decide to start digging under the many trees of a hill some three miles away. They begin to discuss what they’ll do with the treasure, with Huck saying he’d spend it all before his father got a hold of it and Tom saying he’d use it to get married. After many fruitless digging efforts, the boys decide that they’ve gone about the whole thing wrong and need to come back at midnight.
After another failed attempt during the night, Huck is on the verge of giving up. He then suggests looking in the haunted house nearby. They argue a bit about it and decide to do it. Once overlooking the house though, they become instantly scared and decide to head home instead.
Returning the next day to get their tools, the boys are anxious to get to the house. Huck points out that it’s Friday though, and apparently it’s an unlucky day. They instead play Robin Hood, and head home. The following morning, the boys head into the house to explore. After exploring the upstairs for a bit, they hear noises downstairs and begin to hide. They spot two men come in and notice that one of the men is a deaf and dumb Spaniard who has been seen around town lately. The Spaniard speaks- to the boys’ surprise- and it turns out to be Injun Joe. He’s speaking with the other man about committing a crime, and how they couldn’t get work done the day before because of the two boys up on the hill.
The men sleep until sundown, and while the boys make one attempt to leave, the creaky floor prevents any further tries. When sunset hits, the men stir up. They reveal they have six hundred dollars worth of silver buried under a rock in the house, which makes the boys forget their fears as they grow excited. As the second man is grabbing a bit of money, he hits upon another box and paws a bit of gold. Injun Joe notes that he saw some digging tools earlier and brings them by. They dig up thousands of dollars worth of gold, exponentially increasing the boys’ excitement. Injun Joe suddenly realizes that the pick had fresh dirt on it and becomes immediately paranoid. He tries to go upstairs, but the rotting wood of the staircase collapses under his weight. The men decide to take the treasure to a different location.
Heading home, they realize that the ‘revenge job’ Injun Joe had mentioned in the house may have been meant as taking his revenge on Tom.
Tom spends the night dreaming so often about the money that he convinces himself that none of the events even happened. He talks to Huck the next morning, letting him bring up the subject so as to affirm the truth of the matter. He does, and the boys express considerable regret at the loss of the treasure. Tom becomes insistent on finding out where location ‘Number 2’ that Injun Joe had said he would take the money is. The boys deduce that it may be a room number in a tavern, and Tom goes by himself to check out the two taverns in town. One claims that a lawyer occupies the number 2 room, and the other claims that their number 2 room is locked up because it’s haunted. This piques Tom’s suspicions and works with Huck to figure out how they’re going to get in. They figure to pick up as many keys as they can and try to get into the room through a back entrance. Tom then tells Huck to keep an eye out for Injun Joe and to follow him if spotted.
The night is too clear for them to attempt to sneak in for a couple of days, but they finally get a dark night where they feel confident enough to sneak in. Huck stands watch while Tom goes down the alley to where the entrance is. After some time passes, Huck gets nervous as he has seen no sign of Tom. Tom then comes running out of the alley, telling Huck to run, as well.
Tom then describes that while the keys were making too much noise, he discovered that the door to the place wasn’t locked at all. Upon opening it, he finds Injun Joe blacked out from drinking. The room is filled with barrels of whiskey. The boys decide that that must be the place where the money is hidden, and decide to wait until they’re sure Injun Joe is out before they try to go in again.
Becky returns to town and her and Tom spend time together. She plans the picnic party she promised long ago, and a group of the children take a trip aboard a steamer. Becky’s mom suggests she stay over at someone’s house, and Becky decides on the Harper home. Tom convinces her instead to go get ice cream at Widow Dogulas’ home instead. The thought of possibly missing out on hearing Huck call him up if he spotted something is troublesome, but he puts the thought aside. After frolicking and eating, the group explores McDougal’s cave, a large systems of underground tunnels by the river.
Huck was standing watch while the party’s steamer came passed by. He had almost given up hope on the effort when he hears a door closing. He spies the two men carrying a box and decides to follow them, suspecting that they’re moving the treasure. He follows them quite a ways until he thinks he has lost them. Suddenly he realizes they’re extremely near, close to Widow Douglas’ house. He hears Injun Joe talk about how her dead husband was the one that had him whipped and mistreated. He decides to get revenge on the man by hurting her, cutting off parts of her face and head. While the partner thinks it a bit gruesome, Injun Joe is intent on doing it and threatens to kill his partner if he doesn’t come along. They can’t act now though as it seems the Widow has visitors.
Huck manages to quietly sneak away and ends up running to a nearby house owned by the Welshman. Making them promise not to tell anyone he told them this, he informs them of what he heard. The Welshman and his three sons rush off armed with Huck back to the spot. As Huck waits behind a boulder, he hears the guns fire off and a yell. He runs away.
The following morning just before Dawn, Huck goes back to the Welshman’s house. He is happily invited in and learns that while shots were fired, no one on either side was hurt, and the two criminals managed to get away. Huck is asked for a description of the two men, and the Welshman quickly recognizes that they’ve been spotted before on the Widow’s property. The Welshman’s boys are sent out to get the sheriff and find a posse, and Huck is asked for a more detailed description of how he came upon the men. Huck doesn’t want to let out that he knows it was Injun Joe, so he continues to describe him as the deaf and dumb Spaniard that’s been seen around town. His story fails though as he reveals he heard the Spaniard speak. Huck hesitantly reveals that the Spaniard is Injun Joe.
Huck also learns that the box they were carrying with them wasn’t the gold at all, but burglarizing tools. He hides as Widow Douglas, and other visitors come in to thank the Welshman. He tells them that thanks go to someone else, but won’t reveal Huck’s identity as promised.
Being Sunday morning, the mothers gather to talk and learn that Tom and Becky aren’t at each other’s houses. No one noticed them missing from the boat, and someone suggests that they may still be in the cave system. A large search party spends all day and night looking for them without success. The Welshman returns after the first day’s search to find that Huck has a fever. He gets the Widow Douglas to look after him as he returns to the search. Three days of searching continue without any success. At one point, Huck gets up and asks the Widow if anything was found in the tavern where Injun Joe was staying. He finds out there was, but it was only liquor. He asks if Tom had been the one to find it, and the Widow begins crying, though Huck doesn’t know why. He goes back to sleep, wondering if the treasure has been officially lost.
The book goes back to the day of the picnic and focuses on Tom and Becky. They explored the caves like everyone else had, going with no one but each other down the various tunnels. They happen upon a crevice that leads deeper downward into the system, and they follow it, leaving smoke markings upon the cave walls to remember their way. They run into a nest of bats that are stirred up by their arrival and are forced to run away. In the panic, they didn’t get a chance to keep track of which way they had gone, officially getting themselves lost. After some despair, they begin to try to find a way out, attempting to conserve the few candles they took with them.
Hours go by, and they can’t find a way out. Tom insists on finding a place for water, and they do so. There, Tom reveals that they’re on their last candle. Becky weeps and they watch the last bit burn away. Waiting they hear some shouting and Tom attempts to shout back with no reply. Time continues to pass, and their despair grows. Tom takes a piece of kite string, ties it to an outcropping, then attempts to do some further exploration by himself as Becky seems resigned to die by the water. At one point, he sees a light and a hand up ahead and shouts. The light reveals itself to be owned by Injun Joe though, running away from the sound of the voice. Tom is terrified and returns to Becky, explaining the shout was just for luck. Though still scared of running into Injun Joe, his fear of being stuck there is greater, so Tom head off once again with kite string in hand.
As Tuesday afternoon hits, the town is convinced that the kids have been lost. Most all the folks looking in the caves have given up save for Becky’s father and a few men. That same night though, a carriage comes into town announcing that the children have been found. The town rejoices. Tom explains that after searching various tunnels, he just happened to spot daylight in one of them. Going forward, he sees a way out onto Mississippi River shore. He returns to get Becky, and they hail down a raft with some men. They learn that they are five miles from the cave’s entrance, and the folks on the ship get them food and make them rest a bit before returning into town.
The children end up in bed for a few days as the adventure has worn them out quite a bit. Tom visits Huck once he’s better, but isn’t allowed to tell any exciting stories as Huck is still sick. The body of Injun Joe’s accomplice had been found drowned. On his way to visit his friend, Tom stops by Becky’s house were Judge Thatcher and a few friends converse with him. Here, Tom finds out that the Judge has had the entrance door to cave laden with iron and triple-locked so as to prevent further accidents like this one. Shocked, Tom reveals that Injun Joe was in the caves.
As it turns out, Injun Joe had made it back to the entrance to the cave but had already been locked out. His starved corpse is found next to that of some bats he had presumably eaten. His bowie knife was broken, and there were scratches along the door, implying he had tried to cut his way out, though the effort would have been futile as a large rock also barred his way. He is buried near the cave, and his grave becomes part of the place’s attraction.
Tom visits Huck the day after the funeral and they explain each to each other what had happened on their individual adventures. As their conversation continues, Tom exclaims that the treasure wasn’t in room Number 2 of the tavern, but remains in the cave. They outfit themselves and head back to where Tom managed to escape the tunnels. He leads them back to the spot where he saw Injun Joe and finds a cross there as they had thought. They dig around and find that a stone was covering up a chasm at the end of which holds the treasure, a keg, and some guns. The boys leave the guns and kegs for future robbing expeditions and pack up the money. Once home, they borrow a wagon and head towards the Widow Douglas’ house, where they plan to hide it.
Passing the Welshman’s house, the boys are stopped by the man and told to follow him up to Widow Dogulas’ house. He carries their wagon for them, convinced it’s just old, heavy metal that they’ve gathered up to sell. Once at the house, family and friends meet them. They’re told to clean up and put on the new suits that have been bought for them.
As the boys are left to dress, Huck suggests escaping, since he has no desire for large crowds. Tom reassures him though. It’s at this point that Sid comes in. He reveals to them that the Welshman is planning to reveal a secret, and most everybody knows that it’s going to be revealed that Huck was the one that informed the Welshman about the robbers. At the dinner table, this is exactly what happens, making Huck even more uncomfortable at the attention he is receiving. The Widow Douglas expresses her gratitude, proclaiming she plans to take Huck into her house to educate him and save up money to put him in business one day. Tom says this won’t be necessary, since Huck is already rich. The jokes are quickly silenced as Tom brings in the bags of gold from the wagon. After explaining how they acquired it, the money is counted up to $12,000.
The boys’ fortune made public, many townsfolk start tearing up haunted houses and caves in search for their own. The found money is invested for the boys, giving them a dollar a day. Judge Thatcher’s admiration for Tom after saving his daughter grows ever more once he hears how he took a whipping for her when she had ripped the schoolmaster’s book. Judge Thatcher aims to make sure Tom has admission to both the military academy and a good law school, should the boy choose to employ himself in either or both professions.
Huck is taken in by the Widow Douglas. His life becomes ordered, clean, and he sleeps on cleans sheets and a soft bed. Unsurprisingly, Huck despises this life and goes missing for two days. The river is searched for his body, the town is scoured, but no one can find him. Tom sneaks to an empty hog shed behind the old slaughterhouse, and finds Huck there. Huck hates living with the Widow and wants to give up his share of the money if being rich requires changing his life. Tom then describes how Huck can’t be part of the robber’s gang if he isn’t respectable, as though politeness may not be a characteristic of a pirate, it certainly is one of robbers. The threat of not being included in the gang frightens Huck enough to go live with the Widow until he’s proper enough to become a criminal.
Edna arrives at Adele’s home at the beginning of her labor. The latter is dramatically denouncing the doctor and questioning why everyone has abandoned her. Doctor Mandelet arrives to help Adele and takes the situation as lightly as the nurse, despite Adele’s panic. Edna stays throughout the entire thing and feels uncomfortable at having to remember her own childbirth.
The birth finished, Edna bids Adele farewell by kissing her forehead. While leaning in, Adele- without provocation or context- tells Edna to “think of the children.”
Dazed from the event, Edna turns down Mandelet’s offer of a ride, choosing instead to walk. Mandelet directs his car to her house to meet him there and accompanies her. She thinks out loud about what Adele said, how it’s better to be awake than asleep but perhaps not at the price of children. Understanding Edna’s jumbled words, Mandelet offers himself as someone that can be trusted, and tells Edna that they can talk of things she never thought she’d talk about.
After Mandelet leaves, Edna stops short of going inside and instead sits on the porch. She lets her negative emotions dissipate as she thinks of Robert and fantasizes about touching him. Though Adele’s words struck her intensely, Edna decides that tomorrow will be the appropriate time to consider the consequences of her action regarding her children.
Upon entering, she finds that Robert is gone, having left only a note that reads “I love you. Good-by- because I love you.” Edna’s heart is broken and lies down on the sofa. She spends the entire night awake.
On Grand Isle, Victor is doing some repairs while flirting with Mariequita and describing the dinner party he attended at Edna’s house. As they talk, Edna herself comes from around the corner, disheveled and dirty. Edna has come by boat to the island with no company and notes that the place seemed “dreary and deserted.” Victor quickly offers her his own room, as it’s the only place ready to house people. Edna asks when dinner will be ready, as she is hungry, and says she would like to take a swim. While both Victor and Mariequita think the idea is foolish as the water is cold, Edna insists and asks them to bring her towels.
Walking to the beach, Edna doesn’t think of anything, as her night spent on the couch was where she had done all the thinking she needed to do. She had thought about how neither Leonce nor Alcee mattered, and that the only person she wanted near her was Robert. She realized that it was inevitable that she would forget Robert and move on, but she also knew that her children were shackling her to a life that she didn’t want. The narrator notes, “she knew a way to elude them.”
Along the way to the shore, the giant sea stretches before her, and she sees a bird with a broken wing floating down towards the water. Instead of changing into her swimsuit, Edna chooses to go naked instead and feels like a new person. She starts swimming out and doesn’t stop nor look back. She thinks about how Robert didn’t understand her nor ever would. Possibly Mandelet would’ve, but it was already too late. She continues to swim- growing ever more tired- and as she recalls childhood memories of the Kentucky meadow of tall grass and the colonel she was infatuated with as a child, she lets the sea embrace her.
Straff Venture is angry that Zane sent a group of his allomancers to their deaths while Vin still lives. Zane promises that he has a plan to take care of her. Meanwhile, Straff meets with Penrod, the new king of Luthadel. Penrod is planning to give Luthadel to Straff, opening the gates to him and handing over the kingship. Straff, on the other hand, doesn’t want to enter the city while Vin still lives. Later, Zane tells Straff that he has been poisoned again. Zane leaves, and Straff is forced to ride hard back into the camp so his mistress can make him another antidote tea.
Vin awakes to see that Elend is with her. He tells her that he is not king, and he reports that OreSeur, who was badly hurt in the fight, is currently digesting a new set of bones. Vin feels that Elend is now scared of her somehow because of the way she fought those allomancers. Vin goes back to sleep, and awakes to find Zane there. He accuses her, saying that she could have killed those attackers easily had she not been so distracted with protecting Elend and other innocents. Later, OreSeur visits Vin, in another dog’s body. They talk more about the Contract that binds all kandra. Vin uses brass and duralumin to push strongly on OreSeur’s emotions. Even though he at first does not react at all, with enough force, Vin hurts him very badly, and she felt like she were controlling him for a moment. She apologizes for hurting OreSeur, and he leaves to get some rest. Vin promise to never tell anyone what she’s discovered about kandra.
Sazed and Tindwyl continue to talk about the things they are learning. Something doesn’t make sense about the rubbings, written by Kwaan. It seems that Kwaan did not trust Alendi, but he also knew Alendi was a good man. But if Kwaan knew Alendi was good, why did he have his nephew, Rashek, to mislead or even kill Alendi? Elend comes in and asks for advice. After a discussion, he decides that being king isn’t about a title, but about doing something to help others. He returns to his closet and retrieves the white suite, the one made for a king.
Elend is hard at work, helping the people. He’s sending men out to dismantle the wooden parts of keeps and houses to use as firewood. The many refugees are cold and hungry, and he wants to help them. Someone comes with news that one of the gates under the river has been broken. That is how someone has been getting into the city and poisoning the wells. Also, other reports say that an Inquisitor is lurking about the city. Elend decides to go out and talk to Jastes, with the koloss army, himself. He rides out and meets Jastes, unable to make any kind of deal. On the way out, Elend manages to fight and kill one smaller koloss, earning the sword and pouch as his own. He looks into the pouch and discovers how Jastes is controlling the koloss. He’s paying them.
Vin sees Elend, now returned from his meet with the koloss army, inured and resting. Zanes comes and says that Cett was the one that planed the attack at the voting ceremony. Vin gets angry and decides to attack Cett. Zane and Vin attack the keep that Cett has been staying at in Luthadel. Together, they kill guards and hazekillers. Fueled by rage, Vin kills quickly, working her way to Cett’s room. She realizes that Zane is using atium, while she has none, and yet she’s killing just as easily as he is. They finally get to Cett’s room, where he is with his son. Vin fights them at first, but when she discovers that neither of them is an allomancer and that Cett doesn’t have a single allomancer with him, she leaves them behind, injured and scared.
The crew sees that Cett’s army is now leaving, a result of Vin’s attack on his keep the night before. Elend does not know why Vin attacked Cett like that. Some in the crew think she’s crazy, but Elend just sees her as determined. They also discover that the “coins” Jastes has been using to control the koloss are fake, wooden coins painted gold. Elend goes to find Vin, who is hiding in the city. He finds her with OreSeur’s help. She says she must leave Luthadel and go north, to Terris. Elend says he trust her to do the right thing. They have one large bead of atium, and Vin gives it to OreSeur to hold for her.
Sazed and Tindwyl compare notes, studying the rubbing and other references they’ve managed to find. Tindwyl admits that she doesn’t believe in these prophecies, her interest in them being purely academic. Sazed, on the other hand, thinks Vin might actually be the next Hero of the Ages. While they talk, they discover that someone–or something–has torn a piece from one of the transcription pages. Vin comes in, while they try to figure out at what point were they both gone or occupied to not have seen an intruder going through their things. Vin asks Sazed how she can know if she’s in love. They talk about trust. After Vin leaves, Elend comes in and starts asking similar questions. Elend thinks he and Vin are too different to make a couple, but Sazed says that, to him, they are more alike than they think. After Elend leaves, Sazed realizes that Luthadel is going to fall soon; he needs to get both Elend and Vin out of the city before that happens.
Sazed calls a meeting with the members of the crew: Dockson, Breeze, Ham, and Clubs. He doesn’t invite Elend, Vin, or Spook. They talk about how the city is sure to fall. Straff apparently is in no hurry to take Luthadel. Instead, he’ll back off and let the koloss attack the city first. The koloss will win and enter the city, pillaging as they go. Then, with the koloss weakened and tired from the fight, Venture will ride in like a hero and save the city, defeating the koloss and taking Luthadel for himself. Sazed says that Elend and Vin need to get out of the city before these things happen. He wants Spook and Tindwyl to go with them. The rest of the group will have to stay and fight and die. Meanwhile, Vin feels she must follow the drumming she hears all the time. In Straff’s camp, Zane is attacked by his father’s men. He defeats them, but spares his father. He leaves, saying that tonight he will take Vin with him and leave Luthadel. He tells Straff that he should wait for the koloss to attack and then take the city.
Vin is in her room with OreSeur when Zane visits. He wants her to come with him, but she says she can’t because she doesn’t want to leave Elend. When Zane sees that she won’t go, he attacks her. They fight. When Zane starts to burn atium, Vin asks OreSeur for the large bead, a bead Zan had given her before. OreSeur doesn’t respond to her command. Vin discovers that OreSeur is not OreSeur. He is TenSoon, Zane’s kandra. Of course! There was no other spy. The bones they found were TenSoon’s and he had killed OreSeur! Zane corners Vin, but Vin uses a massive soothing to take control of OreSeur/TenSoon and attack Zane from behind. She then cuts the bead of atium fro TenSoon. But this is another trick. The bead is lead, with only a thin layer of atium. Soon, Vin is left helpless against a Mistborn killer with atium. Vin decides that Zane can see what she’s about to do, or, rather, what she plans on doing. If she attacks without thinking, though, she can, see in Zane’s reaction what she is going to do, only to change it at the last possible second. The trick works, and Vin defeats Zane. After Zane dies, she thanks OreSeur/TenSoon for helping her win. His contract is void, and he must return to his people. Vin goes to find Elend.
Elend is in his study when Vin comes in, bloody from her fight with Zane. She tells him that she killed him. He calls for Sazed, who comes to help with the wounds. While she is there, on the ground, she asks Sazed if he knows any wedding ceremonies. Of course, he knows hundreds. Vin asks which one is the shortest, and Sazed recalls one that only requires a declaration of love between the bride and groom before an ordained witness. Vin and Elend both say that they love each other, and Sazed declares them married. The wounds are clean, and Sazed sends Vin to get some rest. He also gives them a fake map to find the Well of Ascension. If the couple follows the map, they’ll be gone from Luthadel for a long time.
Elend and Vin prepare to ride out of the city. Tindwyl decides to stay in Luthadel. Spooks gets ready to go, and Allrianne will ride out, at Breeze’s insistence. So the four of them ride out, Vin quickly having to fight pursuers from Straff’s army. Once they are free, Allrianne breaks off to find her father’s army. Meanwhile, some of the crew watch as the escape, now sure of their own coming doom. Straff Venture hears of the escapes, but he has problems of his own now. He’s getting sick, which he knows is the result of poisoning from his son, Zane. He sends for his mistress, Amaranta, to fix him an antidote, but he discovers that she isn’t preparing what she normally does. She is actually killing, as she has for a long time. There never was any poison. Zane never tried to kill his father. But Amaranta, in her constant fixing of teas for Straff, has been causing him to become addicted to a rare drug. Without that drug, Straff will die. Straff, in a rage, kills Amaranta and then swallows as much powder from her medicine cabnet as he can, hoping to accidentally swallow some of the drug he needs before he loses consciousness.
Allrianne has made her way to her father’s camp, with the help of some bandits she’s tamed with her rioting. Her father, Cett, is not happy to see her. She convinces him to go back and join the winning party in the battle that is to come, although Cett promises that will likely be Straff. Meanwhile, Elend wakes up on the third morning out of Luthadel. He and Vin share a tent now, and he finds himself surprisingly comfortable on the hard ground, with Vin next to him. They get up and prepare the fire. It’s just the three of them: Elend, Vin, and Spook. Meanwhile Straff wakes up in bed. His men have taken care of him, and they’ve isolated the plant he needs to stay alive. When he hears that Vin and Elend have left the city, the men ask if they should attack now. Straff says no; they should pull back and wait for the koloss. Sazed meets with the others to plan a strategy for when the koloss attack. They plan to have a group of men at each gate. Saze and Tindwyl get a little time together, but then the warning drums begin to beat.
Vin is thinking about how the mist is staying later and later every day, instead of just disappearing with dawn, when she feels the pulsing of the mist spirit coming from Elend’s tent. She runs in, just in time to see the outline of that spirit lift some kind of knife to attack Elend, who is sleeping on the ground. She attacks the spirit and it disappears. Elend wakes up and never knows what was happening. She leaves Elend to sleep a little more and goes out to speak with Spook. He thinks someone is following them. Meanwhile, Sazed and the crew get ready, since it looks like the Koloss are about to attack. Men are at each gate, with one crewmember there to help. Straff sees that the koloss are attacking, but he tells his men to wait. Vin and Elend attack the camp of people that have been following them. It turns out to be Jastes. He’s lost control of the koloss, so he just left them. Elend kills Jastes because of his crimes against Luthadel. Vin discovers that the drumming sounds are getting softer, meaning the well is to the south, in Luthadel, and not in the Terris mountains.
Breeze works at his assigned gate, soothing soldiers by the dozen, helping them to be brave and fight well. The koloss pound at the door, while men atop the wall rain arrows down on the attackers. The koloss throw rocks up in return, smashing archers. Meanwhile, Vin runs towards Luthadel, burning pewter. She knows she will run out of pewter long before reaching Luthadel, and she wonders if the effect will kill her. But still she keeps running. Breeze and Clubs talk while the koloss continue to beat the gate. They blame themselves for being stupid enough to be in this mess, and they blame Kelsier for getting them into such responsibilities. Just then, the gates burst open. Meanwhile, Sazed gets word that Breeze’s gate had fallen. He doesn’t think he can really help. He notices that there is a crowd of skaa standing behind the defense force. When Sazed confronts them, telling them that they should flee to safety inside the city, the skaa answer that they are there to witness the fall of the koloss at the hands of Vin, who they are sure will return and make her appearance at Sazed’s gate. Then the gate breaks. Sazed musters his stored strength, growing in size, and faces the lead koloss, shouting for the men to fight. Vin, half collapsing and out of pewter, reaching a small village. At first she thinks to ask for pewter, but then she remembers how she used to travel with Kelsier on a path of metal bars in the ground. She asks for horseshoes, using them to “walk” by leaping, placing horseshoes ahead of her and pulling the ones behind to place further. In this way, she uses the horseshoes like stilts to help her travel in the air.
Outside Luthadel, Straff Venture sees that the koloss have now broken into the city gates. His men are ready to attack the koloss from the rear, but Straff decides to wait longer. Sazed, fighting the koloss, realizes that they need to get the gate closed again in order to survive. Using strength and weight, he manages to fight off the koloss and get the gate closed again. While getting a little break, a messenger comes and says that Tindwyl’s gate fell over an hour ago. Meanwhile, Clubs and Breeze are attacked and forced to run. Clubs is killed, while Breeze hides in a building. Dockson contemplates the root of their failure. He attacks a koloss, only to be cut down. Straff decides not to swoop in a save the city while the koloss are weak. Instead, he’d rather wait for the koloss to kill everyone and burn the city. Then Straff will move in. Meanwhile, Sazed fights on, wondering what happened to Tindwyl. He feels he is going to die, but then Vin arrives and starts killing koloss. Breeze is found by Ham and some others. They want to try to escape.
Vin continues killing koloss, several at a time. Sazed, outside Lord Penrod’s keep, begs the newly appointed king to go with them as they try to escape. Penrod insists on staying inside his keep. Vin continues to fight the koloss, but now she is almost completely out of pewter, steel, and almost every other metal. In desperation, to save some skaa from certain death, she super-soothes them, like she’d done to TenSoon, controlling the koloss with her mind. Sazed is standing outside Penrod’s keep when Vin walks up with koloss in tow. She orders Penrod to gather his men and put out the fires in Luthadel. Vin will take care of the koloss throughout the city. Later, Sazed finds Tindwyl’s dead body among the slain soldiers. He feels that all the faith, all the religions, he has always treasured is now useless. His life, he believes, has been a sham.
Straff wakes up and takes a sample of the drug he needs to stay alive. He gathers his men, expecting to be able to take the city now. But the koloss come out with the remaining soldiers of Luthadel. Vin jumps from among the koloss, sailing through the sky with a giant sword, cleaving Straff and his horse in half on impact. Allrianne watches these events from her father’s camp. She charges after them to help Luthadel’s army, forcing her father and his men to ride after her. Straff’s army surrenders, and Janarle, Straff’s general, is named the new Lord of the Venture army. Janarle, Penrod, and Cett all swear loyalty to Elend as their Emperor. Vin, needing rest, leaves Sazed in charge of the Empire until Elend can return to Luthadel.